In the Dallas metropolitan area in 1994, the most recent year for which data are available from the American Housing Survey, 57,900 households had "worst case" needs for rental housing assistance. These estimates do not include the homeless.
Households are considered to have worst case needs for housing assistance when they:
- are renters with incomes below 50 percent of area median income (which, in Dallas, was $27,200 for a four-person household in 1998);
- either pay over half their income for rent or live in severely inadequate housing; and
- are not assisted by Federal, state, or local housing assistance programs.
In the Dallas area:
- those with worst-case needs are 13 percent of renters and 6 percent of all households. Some 43 percent of the eligible unassisted very-low-income renters have worst case needs. In 1997, 52 percent of eligible renters in the U.S., and 46 percent of eligible renters in the South, had worst case needs.
- 24,400 of the 57,900 households with worst case needs are families with children, and at least 10,400 other households have elderly or disabled members.
- 84 percent of the worst case head of households that are not elderly or disabled are working.
- 48 percent of the worst case households are minorities.
- 56,300 are paying over half their income for rent, while 2,900 live in severely inadequate housing.
- fully 77 percent of those with worst case needs live in adequate, uncrowded housing, with severe rent burden as their only housing problem.
- most - 82 percent - of those with worst case needs have incomes below 30 percent of area median income, which in 1998 was $16,300 per year for a four-person household.
- severe shortages affordable housing exist to renters with incomes below 30 percent of median. In 1994, for every 100 renter households with these "extremely low" incomes, there were only 49 units they could afford. Since many of these units were occupied by higher-income renters, only 29 units were both affordable and available for every 100 extremely-low-income renters.
The boundaries of the geographical area surveyed by the American Housing Survey changed for this MSA from those included in the previous American Housing Survey in 1989. Therefore, comparable data on change over time are not available at this time.