U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development
Office of Community Planning and Development
Consolidated Plan Contact
The City of Carlsbad, California is approximately 42 square miles of beautiful coastal San
Diego County. Known as the "Village by the Sea", Carlsbad has the charm of a quaint
seaside community together with the contemporary feel and look of a progressive business
Carlsbad offers a location strategically located between two of California's largest
metropolitan areas, Los Angeles to the north and San Diego to the south. Progressive city
government legislates a unique balance of public services and planning strategies to meet
the current and future needs of its citizenry.
Carlsbad's 1995 Consolidated Plan is consistent with the City's commitment to ensure a
quality of life which meets the needs of its citizens. This comprehensive five year strategy
addresses the use of Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) funds and other federal
housing and community development funds for the purpose of meeting the goals of
providing decent housing, a suitable living environment, and expanded economic
In Fiscal Year (FY) 1995, Carlsbad will receive $647,000 in Community Development Block
Grant Entitlement funds. In accordance to the Carlsbad's strategic vision for housing and
community development these funds will be expended for various social services and
affordable housing activities.
The City's Housing and Redevelopment Department is the lead agency for implementing the
Consolidated Plan. To develop the Plan, the City was provided assistance from the San
Diego Association of Governments. Many social service and homeless service providers
were contacted to provide information about the agency, its clients and their needs, and the
programs they provide.
On January 10, 1995 and April 4, 1995, the City held public hearings before the City
Council to accept comments on the needs of low income residents and the projects
submitted for funding consideration. Letters were also sent community organizations and
affected individuals to encourage their participation in the development of the Consolidated
Plan and selection of projects for funding. Notices were also published in a local
newspaper to solicit public participation.
The City of Carlsbad is a coastal community located in North San Diego County. According
to the 1990 U.S. Census, Carlsbad's population was 63,126, up 68 percent from 1980.
Whites comprise 89 percent of the population, Hispanics comprise 7 percent, Asian &
Pacific Islanders comprise 3 percent, and Blacks and Native Americans comprise
approximately 1 percent each of the population.
Median family income (MFI) for Carlsbad in 1990 was $51,019. The majority (69 percent)
of Carlsbad households are upper income, with incomes exceeding 95 percent of the MFI.
Twelve percent of the households are very low income (0 to 50 percent of MFI), 12 percent
are low income (51 to 80 percent of MFI), and 7 percent are moderate income (81 to 95
percent of MFI). Hispanics and Native Americans were disproportionately represented in the
lower income category (0 to 80 percent of MFI). As would be expected, only 6.8 percent of
the City's population had incomes below the poverty threshold, $12,674 for a family of
Concentrations of lower income households are contained within only 2 of the City's 17
census tracts, Census Tract 179.00 and 180.00. Census tract 179.00, also referred to as
the "Barrio" community, not only has a concentration of lower income households but also contains a concentration of minorities, predominately Hispanic.
Of the 24,995 occupied dwelling units in the City, 62 percent are owner occupied and 38
percent renter occupied. Nearly 40 percent of the renter households are of lower income
while only 15 percent of homeowners are lower income.
HOUSING AND COMMUNITY
Carlsbad's desirable physical assets, such as an attractive climate, proximity to large urban
cities and coastal location, growth in employment, and managed city growth has attracted
both residents and businesses. Carlsbad's location and abundance of undeveloped
commercial and industrial acreages has brought about a conducive environment for business
in the community. Major employment centers continue to be in the regional shopping
Center (Plaza Camino Real) and the office industrial corridor that surround the
Careful planning of the city by its government has been the key to the preservation of a safe
and prosperous environment. The City's adherence to a growth management plan has
effectively managed the residential and commercial growth and ensuring the development of
a well balanced community. The City's adherence to a growth management plan and its
coastal location has also been a contributor to the lack of affordable housing within the
The vast majority of lower income households are experiencing some type of housing
problem, typically paying more than 30 percent of their income for housing costs. For larger
households, they face circumstances of overcrowding in the dwelling unit. Seventy-seven
percent of very low income renters and 67 percent of very low income homeowners are
facing some type of housing problem. Of the low income renters 89 percent have a housing
problem. However, low income homeowners are in relatively better circumstances with 42
percent experiencing housing problems. Of moderate income households, 55 percent of
renters and 51 percent of homeowners have housing problems.
Housing Market Conditions
According to the 1990 U.S. Census, there are a total of 27,235 dwelling units, of which 92
percent are occupied and 8 percent are vacant. Of the 24,995 occupied units, 9,437
dwelling units (38 percent) are renter occupied. The remainder, 15,558 dwelling units (62
percent), are owner occupied units.
Since 1980, residential construction has been dominated by "move-up" and luxury single
family homes. According to the 1990 U.S. Census data, the median value of owner
occupied housing in Carlsbad is $255,869. The median value of owner occupied housing
for San Diego County is $186,700.
According to a April 1995 survey conducted by Market Profiles of San Diego, of the
attached single family homes offered for sale for the first quarter of 1995, the weighted
average price ranged from $192,154 for a 2 bedroom attached unit and $200,535 for a 3
bedroom attached unit. The weighted average price for these attached units were much
higher than the prices for the total San Diego County market region, $134,601 for a 2
bedroom attached unit and $171,478 for a 3 bedroom attached unit.
The information from this survey shows that the weighted average prices are beyond the
affordable purchase price for lower and moderate-income households. The attached product
was much more affordable than the detached product available but were also smaller in size
based upon number of bedrooms.
The 1990 U.S. Census data also shows the median contract rent for renter occupied units in
Carlsbad as $711. For San Diego County, the median contract rent is $564. According to
a March 1995 survey of 1,977 units in Carlsbad conducted by Market Profiles of San Diego,
the weighted average rents range from $481 for a studio unit to $896 for a three bedroom
unit. The vacancy factor for the total units surveyed in Carlsbad was 4 percent. For the
San Diego County market region, the weighted average rents range from $518 for a studio
to $826 for a three bedroom unit, with a vacancy factor of 5 percent.
The age of the City's housing supply is an important indicator of the condition of the City's
housing. Regionwide, 7 percent of the total housing stock was built before 1940. While in
Carlsbad, approximately 1 percent was built prior to 1940. Over 56 percent of all housing
has been built since 1980.
Affordable Housing Needs
Much of the single family housing built in the last few years is beyond the price range of
lower income households. Multifamily housing construction within the last few years has
been virtually non existent. Affordable housing opportunities for lower income persons in
Carlsbad has been limited and many lower income households are paying more than 30
percent of their income for housing costs.
Households with incomes at or below 50 percent of MFI have the greatest housing cost
burden. Of the very low-income renter households, 83 percent of the households are facing
a cost burden of paying more than 30 percent of their income towards housing rents. A
great majority of those households facing a housing cost burden, 84 percent, are actually
facing a severe cost burden of paying more than 50 percent of their income towards
housing costs. It is this population that has a difficult time obtaining and maintaining
affordable housing because of their lack of financial resources and the small supply of
housing that is affordable to this income group.
Of the total very low-income owner households, 64 percent of these households pay more
than 30 percent of their income for housing costs. Of those paying more than 30 percent,
74 percent of those households are paying more than 50 percent of their income towards
The majority of low-income households, 60 percent (1,779 households), are renters. Of the
low-income renter households, 77 percent are paying more than 30 percent of their income
towards housing rents. Of those low-income households suffering from a housing cost
burden, 43 percent are facing a severe housing cost burden.
Of all low-income households, approximately 40 percent (1,165 households) of low-income
households are residing in a dwelling unit that they own. Housing cost burdens affects 41
percent of these households. For those households experiencing some housing cost burden,
50 percent are actually facing a severe housing cost burden.
The 1990 U.S. Census data collected from the Shelter and Street Enumeration on the
homeless in the City of Carlsbad shows a total count of 941 homeless persons. This
information does not represent a complete count of the total homeless population.
The Regional Task Force on the Homeless suggests that nearly all of those homeless
persons estimated in Carlsbad from the 1990 Census may be farm workers or day laborers
and very few urban homeless have been sighted in Carlsbad. Due to a rural homeless
population in Carlsbad, with a predominance of farm workers and day laborers, the
prevalence of homeless persons who are severely mentally ill only, alcohol/other drug
addicted only, severely mentally ill and alcohol/other drug addicted, fleeing domestic
violence, homeless youth, or diagnosed with AIDS and related diseases is not as significant
as its prevalence in the urban homeless population.
There is currently no available information of the number of homeless families in Carlsbad.
However, since it is suggested that in Carlsbad nearly all of those homeless may be farm
workers or day laborers living alone, it is assumed that families comprise a relatively small
percentage of the total homeless population.
The facility and service needs of homeless families and individuals are many and varied.
These needs include emergency shelter, transitional housing, social services (i.e., job
counseling/training), mental health services and general health services. Existing service
agencies indicate that a growing need exists for limited-term shelter or transitional facilities
for homeless individuals and families.
Public and Assisted Housing Needs
The City of Carlsbad does not own or operate any public housing units. However, the City
of Carlsbad does provide tenant-based rental assistance through the Section 8 Rental
Assistance program. Carlsbad has a total of 503 Section 8 certificates/vouchers. The
length of the City's waiting list for the Section 8 rental vouchers/certificates program is
approximately three to five years long. The City Housing Authority estimates that of the
1,656 very low-income households currently on the waiting list, 67 percent meet Federal
preferences for priority admission to the rental assistance program.
Service providers for special needs population indicated the following needs, in addition to
- Elderly/Frail Elderly -There is a need for smaller, low cost housing units which have easy
access to public transportation and health care facilities. The housing needs of the elderly
include supportive housing, such as intermediate care facilities, group homes, and other
housing that includes a planned service component. Needed services also include assistance
with daily living activities.
- Persons with Mental, Physical, or Development Disabilities - The special needs required for
housing persons with mental, physical, or developmentally disabled individuals include
assisted living alternatives, such as group homes or shared housing, accessible housing,
accessibility to social service providers, stable affordable permanent housing.
- Persons with Alcohol or Other Drug Addictions - Most persons in residential/in-patient
alcohol or drug addiction treatment programs are homeless most of the year before entry
into treatment and may be homeless again upon completion of the program. There is a need
for transitional supportive housing as well as stable permanent housing.
- Persons with AIDS/HIV - Rent subsidy/subsidized units, congregate independent housing,
emergency/transitional housing, congregate supportive housing, and assistance with daily
living activities, counseling, and case management are needed by persons with
Barriers to Affordable Housing
Potential constraints on the maintenance, improvement, or development of housing is
discussed in two contexts: governmental and non-governmental. Governmental constraints
include Article 34 of the California Constitution, land use controls, building codes, site
improvements, development fees, and processing and permit procedures. These constraints
can be mitigated by the City through a variety of means, including: designation of large
amounts of land for all types of residential development, particularly high density residential
development, waiving or subsidizing development fees for affordable housing, modifying
design standards and expeditive permit processing.
Non-governmental constraints include land costs, construction costs, and financing. All
three of these costs tend to be determined at the regional, state and national levels by a
variety of private and public actors. Local jurisdictions, therefore, often have little influence
or control over these cost constraints.
The City has agreed to affirmatively encourage fair housing practices.
In the City of Carlsbad, there are a total of 12,729 dwelling units built prior to 1980 and
may contain lead based paint hazards. It is estimated that 1,770 of the total 12,729
dwelling units (14 percent) are occupied by lower-income households. The greater the
percentage of such housing being occupied by lower-income households, the greater
possibility of lead-based paint hazards. The financial conditions of lower-income
households, particularly very low-income households, are barriers to maintaining the housing
in decent condition. The result is often deteriorated housing and greater lead-based paint
Approximately, 85 percent of the units estimated are renter occupied and 15 percent are
owner occupied. Communities with a large percentage of the estimated dwelling units
being rented, such as Carlsbad, have a higher rate of lead poisoning than similar
communities with a larger percentage of owner occupied units.
Community Development Needs
Most of the Carlsbad developed since the 1970's. As of 1993, a little over half of the City
had been developed. Another quarter of the City is in various stages of planning, therefore
setting the stage for additional near- and mid-term development.
Keeping in mind the slow growth of the City and the vision to provide a balanced variety of
land uses and to preserve the quality of life of its residents, Carlsbad embarked upon a
successful Growth Management Program. Since 1986 Carlsbad has been a "growth
management" city in which the major public facilities are being carefully planned, financed,
and their capacities sized to serve a targeted ultimate population and number of residential
"The Growth Management Plan established citywide, quadrant, and Local Facilities
Management Zones performance standards for eleven public facilities. The program requires
that the appropriate public facilities must be available in conformance with the adopted
performance standards in an area when new development occurs. Unless each of these
eleven public facility standards have been complied with, no new
development can occur." City of
Carlsbad General Plan: Land Use Element. September 6, 1994.
In addition to the implementation of a Growth Management Program and individual Local
Facilities Management Plans, Carlsbad has undertaken planning tasks ranging from the
implementation of specific and master plan guidelines to the development of broad visions
of the City's physical and regional economic development. Such planning tasks include the
Redevelopment Master Plan, the Barrio Community Design and Land Use Plan, and the
Economic Development Strategic Plan.
As addressed within these various other community development plans, Carlsbad's needs
include: improvements to infrastructure and public facilities and provision of public services
for the elderly, homeless, youths, unemployed, undereducated, persons with disabilities, and
other lower-income persons.
HOUSING AND COMMUNITY
Vision for Change
The purpose of Carlsbad's Consolidated Plan is to achieve three basic goals for its citizenry:
- Provide decent housing;
- Provide a suitable living environment; and
- Expand economic opportunities.
Housing and Community Development Objectives and Priorities
Although specific subgroups (large families, elderly, or persons with special needs) may
have problems that are unique to their population, housing problems in Carlsbad are
primarily related to the lack of housing affordable to lower income households, particularly
larger dwelling units, and meeting Carlsbad's regional fair share objective of providing 1,125
units of new affordable housing. Housing priorities and strategies reflect those conditions.
Housing objectives focus on reducing the housing cost burdens of lower income households
by increasing the supply of affordable housing, particularly for very low income households
and large families. Second priority would be the acquisition and rehabilitation, if necessary,
of existing housing. As a short term objective, Carlsbad will also provide rental assistance.
Rental assistance is an effective resource for addressing the housing cost burden
experienced by lower income households.
Priorities for the homeless include limited-term shelter, transitional, and permanent housing
with supportive services.
The priority for non-homeless persons with special needs is permanent stable housing with
supportive services meet by social service agencies and other private organizations.
Community development objectives are focused on the development of Carlsbad as a
carefully planned, balanced community that will provide its citizens with a full range of
physical facilities and human services ensuring a life of quality for all residents.
The City does not directly control any programs or policies for reducing the number of
households with incomes below the poverty line. However, the City does encourage
policies and programs that may indirectly affect the number of households with incomes
below the poverty.
As will be established within the proposed Economic Development Strategic Plan, the City
will pursue policies and programs that encourage the development of the commercial and
industrial land in the City and encourage the location of businesses to Carlsbad.
The City has provided in the past CDBG funds to organizations providing employment
services and training to lower-income persons and to lower-income persons with special
Producing and maintaining housing affordable to lower-income households will not directly
elevate household income above the poverty line but will help to ease the burden of
expenses on limited resources. To further coordinate the provision of affordable housing
and a policy to help encourage self sufficiency and upward mobility, the City has established
a Family Self-Sufficiency program under the Section 8 Rental Assistance Program.
Housing and Community Development Resources
The financial resources available to address housing and community development needs are
fairly limited for Carlsbad. To ultimately reach the vision and goals of the City, a variety of
resources must be used to achieve each objective. The limited City resources must be
leveraged with additional funds from private and public sources and programs.
The primary federal program resources includes CDBG, HOME, HOPE, Section 8 Rental
Assistance, and housing programs for the elderly, disabled and/or homeless. Local
resources include Redevelopment Agency Housing Set-Aside Funds and Inclusionary
Housing Impact and In-Lieu fees. Other private programs include local lending institutions'
affordable housing programs and a wide range of non profit initiatives, such as Bank of
America's Community Development Branch, Neighborhood Bancorp, and San Diego
Coordination of Strategic Plan
The City of Carlsbad does not intend to be the primary provider of affordable housing,
supportive housing, homeless shelters, or supportive services. The City of Carlsbad expects
to carry out much of its strategy by encouraging public and private partnerships with private
entities, non-profit organizations, or other public agencies assuming the role of primary
provider of affordable housing or supportive services with some financial assistance from
the City. However, the City will continue to implement housing assistance programs where
the City has expertise or such programs have already been established, such as rental
All City departments work cooperatively to carry City goals and objectives. Carlsbad will
continue to work with various San Diego County agencies and local non profit service
providers to ensure that Carlsbad residents obtain available services.
ONE-YEAR ACTION PLAN
Description of Key Projects
Carlsbad's One Year Action Plan outlines the proposed use of $647,000 in CDBG funds.
These funds will be spent on a variety of activities ranging from expanding affordable
housing opportunities, general social services, and social services benefitting youths and
adults. The following are some of Carlsbad's key projects for Fiscal Year 1995:
The City will provide funding to organizations or agencies which provide services or benefit
Carlsbad residents, regardless of location. Carlsbad will consider the allocation of resources
to organizations or agencies outside of the City limits where services are limited to the San
Diego North County Coastal area but provide adequate access or where services are
provided directly to Carlsbad residents.
- Carlsbad Care Crew will receive $7,000 to provide home
improvement and personal
assistance to low-income Carlsbad seniors to promote independent living. (100%
presumed low/moderate income benefit)
Administrative Office Location: 2775 Carlsbad
- Catholic Charities will receive $10,000 for operation of the La Posada de
homeless shelter in Carlsbad for homeless males, particularly farm workers and day
laborers. (100% presumed low/moderate income benefit)
Shelter Location: 2472-2476
Impala Drive, Carlsbad
- Community Resource Center will receive $5,000 to continue the Carlsbad
Homeless Prevention Project which assists families and individuals in maintaining
adequate housing through the provision of social services and providing direct assistance
such as food. (100% low/moderate income benefit)
Administrative Office Location: 3138 Roosevelt Street, Suite H, Carlsbad
- Boys & Girls Club of Carlsbad will receive $10,000 to provide a
gang prevention program,
which provides positive alternatives, focused on young people between the ages of 13
and 16. (51% minimum low/moderate income benefit)
Activity Location: 3115 Roosevelt Street, Carlsbad
- Carlsbad Hiring Center will receive $5,250 to provide a central location
for both potential
employers and employees to coordinate employment needs. (51% minimum
low/moderate income benefit)
Activity Location: 5958 El Camino Real, Carlsbad
- Western Institute Foundation for Mental Health will receive $35,000 to
purchase and renovation of property for a new location for the Oceanside Alzheimer's
Day Care Center. (100% presumed low/moderate income benefit)
Administrative Office Location: 119 South Ditmar Street, Oceanside
- Join Hands Save a Life will receive $32,000 in reallocated 1993-94 CDBG
funds from the
Alzheimer's Day Care Center to support the purchase of property for the development of
the Join Hands facility. (51% minimum low/moderate income benefit)
Administrative Location: 3528 Madison, Carlsbad
- Catholic Charities will receive $12,000 from the new CDBG allocation
and $18,000 in
reallocated 1993-94 CDBG funds from the Alzheimer's Day Care Center to support the
purchase of a trailer and renovations to the existing trailers which comprise the La
Posada de Guadalupe homeless shelter in Carlsbad for homeless males, particularly farm
workers and day laborers. (100% presumed low/moderate income benefit)
Shelter Location: 2472-2476 Impala Drive, Carlsbad
- City of Carlsbad will receive $20,000 to replace and upgrade backstop,
bleachers at the Pine Field facility. (59% low/moderate income benefit)
Administrative Office Location: 1200 Carlsbad Village Drive, Carlsbad.
- Join Hands Save a Life will receive $74,000 to assist with the costs of
installing buildings on the new site for their youth activity center. (51% minimum
low/moderate income benefit)
Administrative Location: 3528 Madison, Carlsbad
- Carlsbad Girls Club will receive $75,500 to support the development of a
patio and other
outdoor recreation area. (51% minimum low and moderate income benefit)
Project Location: 3368 Eureka Place, Carlsbad
- Boys and Girls Club of Carlsbad will receive $53,872.79 from the new
and $19,847.84 from reallocated 1993-94 CDBG funds for the Carlsbad High School
Stadium Lighting System to renovate and/or expand the Boys and Girls Club Village
Branch facility in Carlsbad. (51% minimum low/moderate income benefit)
Project Location: 3115 Roosevelt Street, Carlsbad
The City of Carlsbad implements the Consolidated Plan and its one year action plan. As the
grantee, the Housing and Redevelopment Department of the City of Carlsbad is directly
responsible for the implementation and administration of the various projects funded for the
implementation of the Consolidated Plan. City Council is the governing body that makes the
funding decisions for programs. City Council's primary advisory boards include: an ad-hoc
citizen's CDBG Funding Committee and the Housing Commission for HOME funds.
Through Carlsbad's Section 8 Rental Assistance Program, 503 very low income renters will
continue to receive rental assistance. The supply of affordable rental housing will increase
with the completion of the 344 unit Villa Loma Affordable Housing Project. Villa Loma will
offer affordable housing to low and very low income households. Additionally, the 138 unit
Laurel Tree Apartments will receive all local discretionary permit approvals in FY 1995, with
construction to commence in FY 1996. Four lower income homeowners will receive
rehabilitation loans/grants. Approximately 7 moderate-income households and 4 low income
households will receive assistance to purchase a home through the City's Mortgage Credit
Certificate Program. Approximately 2,110 individuals and families are anticipated to benefit
from the activities, projects and shelter services which received CDBG funds for FY 1995.
MAP 1 depicts points of interest in the jurisdiction.
MAP 2 depicts points of interest and low-moderate income areas.
MAP 3 depicts points of interest, low-moderate income areas, and
minority concentration levels.
MAP 4 depicts points of interest, low-moderate income areas, and
MAP 5 depicts points of interest, low-moderate income areas,
unemployment levels, and proposed HUD funded projects.
MAP 6 depicts points
of interest, low-moderate income areas, unemployment levels, and proposed HUD funded
projects; in addition, a table provides information about the project(s).
To comment on Carlsbad's Consolidated Plan, please contact:
City of Carlsbad
Housing and Redevelopment Department
ATTN CDBG Coordinator
2965 Roosevelt Street Suite B
Carlsbad CA 92008
Return to California's Consolidated Plans.