The City of Newport Beach is located on the Pacific Ocean in Orange County, 50 miles southeast of Los Angeles. Incorporated in 1906, the City is principally a resort community.
The City received $ 534,000 in Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) funds for FY 1995-96. The City intends to use $ 513,478 for the removal of architectural barriers to provide accessibility for persons with disabilities in compliance with the Americans with Disabilities Act. The $ 513,478 consists of $ 361,270 in 1995-96 funds and $ 152,208 in prior year funds.
The Newport Beach Five Year Strategic Plan identifies the City's strategies, priority needs and objectives. The Plan identifies public policies, constraints or barriers that may impact opportunities for affordable housing; addresses the City's strategy to remove or ameliorate the negative effects of public policies that serve as barriers to affordable housing; and describes activities that will enhance the coordination between public entities. The City has identified the following objectives and activities for the five year period: removal of architectural barriers, acquisition of land for affordable housing, improvements to public facilities and services, assistance for the homeless and for "at risk" homeless, senior meals, housing counseling, and special economic development involving job creation, attraction of businesses or the improvement of commercial or industrial structures.
The City held a public hearings on December 12, 1994 and April 10, 1995, to obtain the views and comments of citizens, non-profit organizations and other interested parties prior to approval and implementation of the Consolidated Plan. The community outreach process encouraged the involvement of all groups including low, very low and extremely low income residents, members of minority groups, non-English speaking persons, persons with mobility, visual or hearing impairments, the elderly, the business community, religious organizations, public and private agencies and other local jurisdictions. In the preparation of this Plan, the City staff consulted with the various social service agencies including the Orange County Housing Authority, the Orange County Homeless Issues Task Force, the Orange County Health Department, and the social service coalition that recently formed to address the needs of the homeless, "at-risk" and special population subgroups. In addition to publishing notices in local newspapers, separate notices were mailed to interested agencies, groups and persons inviting them to participate in both public hearings. A summary describing the content and purpose of the City's Consolidated Plan was published in the local newspaper and the public was advised of the availability of the Plan for comment.
The City of Newport Beach has a population of 66,643. The City has a spacious harbor that contains one of the largest fleets of private recreational boats in the country. Principally a resort community, the City does have some light industry, including manufacture of aerospace components, boats, and sports equipment. The number of households has increased almost 8.5 % from 28,435 in 1980 to 30,866 in 1990. Of the 30,866 total households in the City, 29,077 households are White, 59 were Black, 990 were Hispanic, 125 were Native American and 594 were Asian & Pacific Islander. Rental minority households in the City have increased from 301 in 1980 to 1,199 in 1990. The percentage of minority households based on the total households increased from 1% in 1980 to about 3.9% in 1990.
The major problem facing the low income residents of Newport Beach is overpayment or the high cost of housing. This is due to the desirability of the City as a residential community and the extremely high land cost. Among the highest needs identified are those of persons with disabilities, elderly, homeless and cost burdened renters. Also, there is the need for job creation and economic development as well as commercial rehabilitation.
The City's housing stock is primarily in good to superior condition. According to the 1990 Census, less than 1.0% of the City's housing stock is substandard or substandard suitable for rehabilitation.
In 1990, the City had 9,763 single person households; 3,986 male and 5,777 female. Of all single person households, 738 have incomes below the poverty line. Of all poverty households, 436 are non-elderly and 302 are elderly. Housing affordable to low income persons is needed by many single persons.
Of the 1,734 female-headed households, 959 (55%) had related children under 18 years of age. 66 of all female-headed households were below the poverty line. Those households are in special need of safe and affordable housing near day care and recreation facilities and possibly access to public transportation.
Of all households, 1,262 (4.1%) contained 5 persons or more. The large family households represent about 2.4% of the total renter occupied households and about 5.1% of the total owner occupied households. 13.5% (37) of large family renter households were low income families earning less than 51% of the median family income. Data shows that there is a limited supply of rental units with 3 or more bedrooms affordable to low income large families. In addition to availability, these families are often paying more than 30 percent of their income for housing.
No information is available on housing needs of residents with physical disabilities, alcohol or other drug addictions, or exposure to lead base paint hazards.
Between 1970 and 1980, 8,919 housing units were added to the City's housing inventory. Between 1980 and 1990, 3,642 housing units, an average of 404 per year, were added. Until recently, multi-family permits have exceeded single-family permits, exactly opposite the trend state-wide. However, with the recession, the production of large scale projects has ceased and only a few single-family units were constructed during the last few years. In addition to a large number of rental projects, the City has many duplex, triplex and fourplex rental units in its older neighborhoods.
According to the 1990 Census, the median value of owner-occupied housing was over $ 500,001 (maximum value measured by the census) and the median contract rent for renter-occupied housing units was $ 961. These high costs are largely attributed to the value of the land. The high costs of land creates adverse market conditions for the production of low-income rental housing, low-income new home ownership opportunities, and meeting the needs of low-income large families. The high cost of land requires the use of substantial incentives to produce affordable housing, alleviate overcrowding and meet the needs of under served population groups such as large families.
53.7% of all renter households spend 25% or more of their income on rent. Of the 2,333 rental households paying 50% or more of their income for housing, 2,069 were low income. 77.2% of all extremely low-income rental households, 91.9% of all low-income rental households, and 85.1% of all moderate-income rental housholds are identified as having affordable housing needs.
The majority of the City's minority households (70.4%) are above 80% of the median income and a majority (64.1%) are also above 95% of the median income. The growth in minority households has not resulted in a concentration of minorities in any area of the City. Based on the minority growth between 1980 and 1990, the City does not project a significant change in the number of households in need of assistance or in minority housing needs during the next five years.
Since 1960, the number of City residents 65 years of age or older continues to grow steadily and there is no indication of this trend reversing. These residents numbered 4,859 persons (9.8%) in 1970; 7,288 (11.6%) in 1980; and 10,315 (or 15.5%). With such amenities as a moderate climate and proximity to the ocean, the attractive character of Newport Beach continues to serve as a desirable residence for retirees. Estimates are that 2,445 of these households have affordable housing needs, with 1,178 having cost burdens greater than 30% and 1,267 having severe cost burdens greater than 50%.
The total homeless unsheltered persons is 45, of which 34 are adults and 11 are 17 years of age or younger. There are no emergency shelters in the City. However, churches and individuals may be providing emergency shelters. The nearest homeless shelter providing assistance to homeless persons from Newport Beach is the Orange Coast Interfaith Shelter in Costa Mesa.
There are no public housing units located in the City of Newport Beach. The City currently has 114 households receiving Section 8 certificate rental assistance and 10 households receiving Section 8 housing vouchers.
The City does not have complete authority to redesignate land uses on the 38.2 buildable acres of undeveloped and uncommitted residential land in Newport Beach. Because affordable housing is affected by factors in both the private and public sectors, the actions by the City can have an impact on the price and availability of housing within the City.
Land use controls, site improvement requirements, building codes, fees and other local programs intended to improve the overall quality of housing may have a role in altering the cost and availability of housing in the City.
The City intends to use CDBG and other public resources for the "write down" of land cost to produce affordable housing and provide supportive services to populations in greatest need.
Other resources available are from two State agencies, the California Housing Finance Agency and the California Department of Housing and Community Development which offer resources to assist cities such as Newport Beach with funding for local affordable housing.
No specific data is available on fair housing issues affecting residents and prospective residents of the City.
No specific data is available on housing and residents impacted by lead-based paint hazards within the City.
The most prevalent public need is access to public places, streets, and facilities. In addition to the usual public places, City has significant public resources in the form of the upper and lower bay, ocean, public beach and public piers which also attract many visitors. The City places a high priority on making these public places accessible to persons with disabilities. Serving this population requires design modifications and reconstruction of housing units, senior centers, and public facilities including restrooms, piers, parks, streets and sidewalks to make them accessible to this population.
The City has not assigned a "high priority" to any of the categories that the City cannot reasonably commit to during the 1995-96 CDBG funding period.
The City assigns a "high priority" to the removal of architectural barriers in order to improve access for persons with disabilities to public buildings, streets, sidewalks, parks, piers, restrooms, and beaches which also attract many visitors. Since the improvements are City-wide, it is estimated that a majority of persons with mobility limitations will benefit.
The City intends to provide $ 513,478 in CDBG funds for removal of architectural barriers during the 1995-1996 program year to provide handicapped accessibility to public buildings and facilities. The City will consider future funding of this category on an annual basis during the next five year period.
In addition, the City is considering to pursue the alleviation of physical and economic distress through the stimulation of private investments and revitalization in neighborhoods with a stagnating or declining tax base.
The City assigns a "high priority" to emergency shelters. Over the next five years the City will provide funds to social service agencies that assist with the special needs of the homeless and "at risk" population to minimize the homeless problem throughout the City. The City will:
The City will coordinate the operation of housing programs with the County, other cities, and local social service agencies, including participation as a member of the Orange County Housing Authority Advisory Committee and work with it to provide rental assistance to needy City residents.
Of $ 534,000 CDBG funds (FY 1995), the City of Newport Beach has allocated the majority of to the removal of architectural barriers. Also, about 15% of the City's CDBG funds were allocated to social service providers. The balance of the funds, less than the permitted 20%, were allocated to administrative costs.
MAP 1 depicts points of interest in the jurisdiction.
MAP 2 depicts points of interest and low-moderate income areas.
MAP 3 depicts points of interest, low-moderate income areas, and minority concentration levels.
MAP 4 depicts points of interest, low-moderate income areas, and unemployment levels.
MAP 5 depicts points of interest, low-moderate income areas, unemployment levels, and proposed HUD funded projects.
MAP 6 depicts Neighborhood Segments and proposed HUD funded projects.
City of Newport Beach
3300 Newport Boulevard
Newport Beach, CA 92659-1768
Phone number: (714) 644-3225