U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development
Office of Community Planning and Development

Consolidated Plan Contact


The City of Oxnard is located in Ventura County, California. The City's Consolidated Plan represents the culmination of a lengthy process that included the consultation, collaboration and involvement of citizens and other public and private agencies. This Plan is also the result of a dedicated and coordinated effort of a team of City employees representative of several City programs and marks the creation of an ongoing process that will include the annual action plan submittal.

The Plan serves as: a planning document, an application for Federal funds, a strategy to be followed in carrying out HUD programs, and an action plan that provides the basis for assessing performance. The Plan identifies the City's unmet needs for affordable housing, supportive housing, community development, social services and economic development opportunities for low-income residents. Included is an outline a five-year strategic plan and an annual action plan to address those needs.

Action Plan

The City is eligible for FY 1995/1996 funding for $ 4,083,000 under the Community Development Block Grant (CDBG), HOME Investment Partnerships (HOME), and Emergency Shelter Grants (ESG) programs.

Citizen Participation

The City Council on October 1994 adopted new consultation and citizen participation requirements for the preparation and submittal of the City's Consolidated Plan. The information is available in English and Spanish. Also, Ventura County invited more than 120 non-profit organizations and service providers throughout the County to participate in the planning at a joint public hearing with ten cities in Ventura County and the County on November 3, 1994. Also, the City held its own public hearings on December 7, 1994. The City's draft Consolidated Plan was completed and distributed for public review in early May, 1995. The City's third and final public hearing was held on June 6, 1995 by the City Council, when the Oxnard Consolidated Plan was adopted.


Oxnard has a diverse population of approximately 152,000 and ranks as the largest city in Ventura County. The City is located in the coastal plain just northwest of Los Angeles County. The Pacific Ocean borders the City to the southwest.

The City, named after the Oxnard brothers who established the American Beet Sugar Company, has vastly changed since its incorporation in 1903. While agriculture remains a major industry, the work force has expanded into all sectors of the economy, with retail and manufacturing showing the largest growth. The City experienced a 7 percent increase since the 1990 census. Ethnic diversity is estimated percentages at 54.4 Hispanic, 32.3 White, 7.9 Asian, 4.8 Black, .4 Native American, and .2 other. The median age is 28 with 60 percent of its population under 35. The median income is $38,700 and 5.1 percent of the population have a bachelor degree.

The County has been especially hard-hit by the recession, defense downsizing, and the Northridge earthquake. In 1993, for the first time, more people moved out than into Ventura County. The most significant reason for the economic decline is the lost of manufacturing jobs and the contraction of the industrial sector in general.

In 1994, the City Council adopted a mission statement to guide the community and "to provide leadership to maximize opportunities for residents and businesses to realize an enhanced quality of life by achieving educational, occupational, and financial viability." The City's objectives are to: (1) improve the quality of life by providing programs and facilities, which help maintain neighborhood stability, eliminate undesirable or unhealthy conditions and generally increase a neighborhood's quality, (2) maintain it's housing stock, provide a diverse housing environment, increase the quality of housing citywide and provide a broad range of homeownership and rental opportunities, and (3) attract capital investment which results in the creation of new job opportunities for its citizens and to strengthen the economic and social base of the community by supporting small business development and retention.



About 25 percent of Oxnard's housing was built before 1960. There are about 39,133 households in the City: 11,044 households (28 percent) are very low income and an additional 5,169 households (13 percent) are low income. There are about 3,600 farmworker households. About 7,486 persons in the City are employed mostly in farming but a few in forestry or fishing occupations. The annual farmworker household income is about $15,288 (about 30% of the area median income). Farmworker families typically reside in overcrowded, substandard conditions paying more than 30% of their income for shelter, or else are paying somewhat lower shelter costs for very substandard conditions. Also, there were 15,808 persons over age of 60 years or 11.1 percent of the City's population. Most elderly households (78 %) are homeowners. Estimate of 1,019 elderly individuals living in rental housing area experiencing housing problems. There are about 10,753 large (five or more member) households in the City or nearly 27% of the total number of households. Nearly 60 percent of the large households are homeowners and 40 percent are renters. Anecdotal evidence suggests that at least a portion of large households who own their home, may in fact be two or more families (often related by blood or marriage) sharing the cost of a house. Twenty-five percent of the family households live in overcrowded housing, which is the highest rate in the County. The largest concentrations of high occupancy households are occurring in census tracts 32, 37, 47, and 49. These tracts are in the La Colonia, Bartolo Square, Lemonwood, and Rose Park neighborhoods. These four tracts contain 44 percent of all the City's high occupancy households. Of the high occupancy households in tracts 32, 37, 47, and 49, about 72 to 79 percent live in renter-occupied dwellings. In 1990, 24 percent of all female-headed families (1,171) were living in poverty. Of cities within the County, the Oxnard has the second highest number of residents receiving public assistance. 6,820 persons in the City aged 16-64 had a work related disability and many of these were prevented from working by their disability. In addition, 3,686 elderly persons, 65 years and over, reported a mobility or self-care limitation. Estimate is that 400-600 persons with HIV/AIDS reside in the City.

Housing Needs

Overall, 11,044 (28 percent) of the City's households earn under $25,050 or 50 percent of median family income, and may benefit from some type of housing assistance subsidy. Some 5,447 very low income renters households are paying more than 30 percent of their income on housing and an additional 1,957 very low income owners households are overpaying for housing. These families are also affected by severe overcrowding. Renter households number 17,380. Of the 9,843 renter households paying more than 30 percent of gross income on housing, these same households may forego other essential needs, such as food, medical care, or training to improve their economic conditions.

Housing Market Conditions

New single family detached housing in Oxnard ranges in price from $192,500 to $257,000. The fair market rents for existing housing are $629 (studio), $720 (1 bedroom (BR)), $913 (2 BR), $1,214 (3 BR), and $1,415 (4 BR). The City has an approximate vacancy rate of 5 percent.

Affordable Housing Needs

Affordable rental housing for large families is extremely scare. According to a 1989 survey, 92.4 percent of the multi-family housing units consisted of two bedroom or smaller units. The average size of a household renting an apartment is 3.65 persons, which is higher than the 3.48 persons per owner-occupied housing units.

Homeless Needs

The City's homeless number 309 persons in emergency shelters and an additional 30 homeless individuals visible in street locations. The homeless population is made up of individuals and families, is extremely diverse, and fluctuates seasonally. The City's homeless include families with children, the elderly, veterans, and those who are mentally ill, or chemically dependent and farmworkers according to reports from service providers. Also seen in shelters in increasing number are single-parent families, young runaways, battered women and persons with HIV/AIDS. In January 1995, flooding in Ventura County resulted in the displacement of over 200 homeless persons from makeshift camps along the Ventura and Santa Clara River beds. In Oxnard, according to the Red Cross, homeless persons were displaced from locations under the 101 Freeway overpass near wagon Wheel, and near Harbor Boulevard where the Santa Clara river empties into the Pacific Ocean. During January 13-20, 1995, approximately 124 persons per day were in need of shelter in Oxnard.

In Oxnard, a variety of population and housing market conditions have contributed to the number of homeless persons in the City. A larger overall number of low income families live in Oxnard. The City has the largest number of public aid recipients and the greatest concentration of low income households. Approximately 10 percent the families (3,0O0) live below the poverty level ($12,674 for a family of four in 1989). Additionally, 29 percent of the jobs are in the agricultural and services industry. These jobs generally pay low wages and attract workers with limited or no basic job skills.

Another contributing factor to the growing number of homeless single adults is the reduction in State funding to local county mental health departments. One solution has been to provide emergency shelter vouchers to mentally-ill homeless individuals to use at participating Ventura and Oxnard motels. ESP case managers are then able to provide counseling and assist in transitioning the individual to a more permanent housing option, when and if they are available.

Public and Assisted Housing Needs

Through its Housing Authority, the City manages 780 public housing units. Of the these, 150 are located in two high-rise buildings developed as senior housing. The last low rent public housing project was developed in 1976. The City has exhausted previously obtained development authority under State law. The City has authority under its Section 8 program to subsidize the rents for 58 mobile home spaces. Also, the City has the ability to expand this authority, if necessary. In June of 1994, the City adopted a 5-year plan for modernization of its public housing. The City anticipates spending about $15 million to implement the plan. Also, there are two projects under HUD's Section 236(J)(l) Program with one of these programs receiving 30 units of assistance under Section 8. These projects are Channel Island Park Apartments with 152 units and 30 units under Section 8; and the Rancho Ellen Apartments with 168 units and no units under Section 8.

Barriers to Affordable Housing

The Zoning Ordinance and Subdivision Ordinance require minimum lot sizes, density limits, and land dedication for public rights-of-way that serve to reduce the usable land area for housing. Recently the City undertook to modify lots size requirements so as to facilitate certain affordable housing developments. Under evaluation is a proposed change in the standards governing these issues that would remove some constraints on the development of housing for all income levels on a project-by-project basis.

Lead-Based Paint

About 24,500 occupied housing units built before 1979 have lead-based paint somewhere in the building. The City estimates that 10,373 households occupy housing units built before 1959. Of these households, 7,185 or 69 percent are low-income. An additional 22,787 households reside in housing units built between 1960 and 1979. Of these household 9,285 or 40 percent are low income.

Other Issues

Of the 10,655 persons aged 65 years and older in 1990, 3,686 non-institutionalized elderly report either a mobility or self-care limitation. Of the City's elderly population, 8% or 844 people are living in poverty.


Vision for Change

The City's general priorities for allocating housing resources in the planning period between 1995/1999 consists of five major housing activities: new construction, rehabilitation, homebuyer assistance, support facilities and services for homeless households, as well as public housing and rental assistance. The geographic targeting of these programs is citywide, with two exceptions. The Colonia and Rose Park communities have been identified for first time homebuyer assistance and for in-city construction. The Southwinds neighborhood is receiving Local Redevelopment funds to eliminate blighting conditions, rehabilitate housing, and to improve public infrastructure.

Housing and Community Development Objectives and Priorities

Housing Priorities:

Each priority housing activity has one or more category of households for two reasons; one, by creating flexibility in households assisted, the City can better negotiate the type of development which better maximizes resources with a housing developer. Secondly, the preceding needs section clearly show that affordable housing is needed by a variety of households, and for low and very low income residents.

New Construction


Support Facilities and Services -- Homeless Persons and Families

Homebuyer Assistance

Public Housing and Rental Assistance

Other Special Needs

Non-Housing Community Development Priorities

The following descriptions are for projects for FY 95-96 (also see One Year Action Plan):


This action plan for FY 1995/1996 outlines the planned activities pertaining to affordable housing, homeless programs, non-housing community development and public services for the City of Oxnard.

FY 1995/1996
Community Development Block Grant (CDBG)$ 3,246,000
HOME Investment Partnerships (HOME)734,000
Emergency Shelter Grant Program (ESGP)103,000
Public Housing Comprehensive Grant (CGP)3,081,231
Section 8 Rental Assistance Program10,120,565
Low Rent Public Housing2,962,457
Drug Elimination249,998
Family Investment Center1,000,000
Youth Sports Program Grant125,000
City Redevelopment Housing Fund2,671,302
HUD Section 202 award to Mercy Charities Housing3,200,000
State Tax Credits for Mercy Charities Housing Development4,800,000

In addition, the City is anticipating $80,963 in CDBG program income from the economic development Revolving Loan Fund (RLF) to be dedicated for that purpose in FY 1995-96. An additional $210,431 is to be reprogrammed from existing public facilities and improvements projects and closeouts of completed projects funded by CDBG to proposed public facilities and improvements projects.

Description of Key Projects
3.Lombard Parcel AcquisitionCDBG $465,600
4.Human Services Program (Fair Housing)CDBG69,938
5.Legal Services (Housing Element) CDBG50,000
6.Housing Rehabilitation AdministrationCDBG214,020
7.HOME Program AdministrationHOME73,400
8.CHDO OperationsHOME36,700
9.CHDO ConstructionHOME123,900
10. Housing Rehabilitation (HOME)HOME 400,000
11. Fair HousingCDBG 27,500
13. Affordable Housing ProgramCDBG121,381
14. Homeless Assistance ProgramCDBG62,900
15. Emergency Shelter Grant Program (Administration)ESG5,150
16. Emergency Shelter Grant ProgramESG97,850
18. Neighborhood Street ImprovementsCDBG960,000
19.Economic Development Business RelocationCDBG75,000
20. Youth Development ProgramCDBG486,900
22. Park Rehabilitation Improvements CDBG440,000
26. Grant Administration and Support (Indirect Costs) CDBG235,302
27. Neighborhood Services ProgramCDBG77,890
28. Graffiti Removal ProgramCDBG 130,000
29. Homeownership Assistance (HOME) HOME100,000
30. Economic Development Revolving Loan Program CDBG80,963
31. Recreation Facility Rehabilitation CDBG40,000

Lead Agencies

City of Oxnard, CA.
Oxnard Housing Authority


MAP 1 depicts points of interest in the jurisdiction

MAP 2 depicts points of interest and low-moderate income areas.

MAP 3 depicts points of interest, low-moderate income areas, and minority concentration levels.

MAP 4 depicts points of interest, low-moderate income areas, and unemployment levels.

MAP 5 depicts points of interest, low-moderate income areas, and proposed HUD funded projects.

MAP 6 depicts Neighborhood Segments and streets with proposed HUD funded projects.

TABLE (without associated map) provides information about the project(s).

To comment on Oxnard's Consolidated Plan, please contact:

Cheryl Hamilton
Financial Analyst III
City of Oxnard
Grant Management Program
300 West Third Street
Oxnard, CA 93030

PH: (805) 385-7471

Return to California's Consolidated Plans.