The State of Illinois's 1995 Consolidated Plan constitutes a strategic vision for housing and community development for the state. This document summarizes the plan so that citizens in the state can have a quick overview of the housing and community development problems; the 5 year broad objectives and actions proposed to meet those goals; and specific projects for carrying out this strategy during 1995.
The State of Illinois receives direct HUD formula funding under three (3) programs: The Community Development Block Grant (CDBG $ 40.681 million) and Emergency Shelter Grants (ESG $8.294 million) Programs, both administered by the Department of Commerce and Community Affairs (DCCA); and the HOME Program (HOME $ 63.344 million) is administered by the Illinois Housing Development Authority (IHDA).
A detailed listing of the major types of activities and which Federal and State programs which are available to carry each of them out is included in the one-year action plan. The State intends to utilize its formula funding programs. Which State priority need that each one addresses is included in the individual Program Description. The following are some illustrative examples:
The Citizen Participation Plan largely centers around the public hearing and
public comment processes. The State held three hearings, Chicago march 3, 1995,
Springfield, and Marion, March 13, 1995, and received public comments in writing
until April 7,1995. A Public Notice was published prior to the hearings in ten
(10) newspapers, and Dcca mailed notices of the public hearings to all of the
CDAP eligible units of general local government in Illinois (i.e., non-entitlement cities, towns, villages, and counties),
as well as to its mailing list of homeless assistance service provider agencies.
Both the Consolidated Plan (and the Citizen Participation Plan included within
it) have wide availability to the public through the State and local library
system, State agencies, CDBG entitlement localities, and Community Action
The State of Illinois is geographically diverse, containing highly
concentrated metropolitan areas as well as low density rural areas. Variations
in the demographic, social, and economic characteristics of these metropolitan
and rural areas lead to distinct differences in housing needs among urban and
rural residents. An important fact to keep in mind when comparing the urban and
rural characteristics of the State is that within these two large subdivisions
there may be significant differences among the individual metropolitan and
non-metropolitan counties making up the larger areas. Patterns of population
change suggest a more complicated and diverse State than one split simply along
urban and rural lines or partitioned between Chicago and "Downstate."
For example some urban areas grew, while others did not. The State Capitol in
Sangamon County, University of Illinois in Champaign County, and foreign
investment in McLean County sparked population gains above national and State
averages around Springfield, Champaign-Urbana, and Bloomington-Normal during the
1980's. By contrast, older industrial centers like Rock Island and Moline,
Peoria and Pekin, Decatur, Kankakee, Quincy, Danville, and Galesburg, and their
counties, had smaller populations in 1990 than at the beginning of the decade.
The metropolitan counties account for almost 83% of the State's total
population, with the remaining 17% residing in the non-metropolitan counties of
Illinois. The median age of Illinois' population is 33; a quarter of the
population is under 18, while 12.6% of the State's residents are seniors (65
years and over) and 5.4% are 75 and over.
Between 1980 and 1990, the population change in Illinois was almost imperceptible. This population stability is expected to continue throughout the 1990's. If current housing assistance levels are maintained, the overall assessment is not expected to change significantly. Accordingly, no numerical projections of the five-year housing needs in the State of Illinois have been prepared. Some change is expected for specific population groups are based on nationwide trends. The nationwide projections indicate that among low income households, the number of single female householders with families is expected to increase the most. Among other low income groups, non-elderly families and individuals are expected to increase more than elderly households.
The trend in the 1980's nationally and statewide has been an increasing shortage of low- cost rental housing and affordable single-family housing for persons with incomes at or below moderate income levels. The rental housing shortages are due in part to the decreasing supply of single room occupancy units caused by demolitions and conversions and the massive cutbacks in funds that were available for low-income housing production. The lack of affordable single family homes has been caused by demolitions and conversions and the massive cutbacks in funds that were available for low-income housing production. The lack of affordable single family homes has been caused by the escalating costs associated with new housing production and the continued increase in the cost of existing housing. This shortage has created an affordable housing gap experienced by many of the lower and moderate income households throughout Illinois.
The State's housing markets are most certainly local phenomena. They are affected, as are most housing markets, by national and global economic trends and changing housing production technologies. Public policies can also influence local markets and the markets, in turn, can influence how government can effectively use programs to assist people in need.
Many aspects of the local housing markets vary across the State: prices, styles, and levels of activity differ widely across a State as large, economically and geographically diverse as Illinois. Even within smaller regions and counties, prices and conditions often vary significantly. The overall State housing market and inventory profile presented in this document, then, is really a general point in time picture of the aggregation of all the local housing market characteristics and conditions found in Illinois.
Current housing assistance levels need to be maintained. The most common vhousing problem in Illinois is a cost burden of over 30% of income, experienced by 22% of all low and moderate income households. These households pay more than 30% of their income for housing and related costs, including utilities. Among some income groups severe cost burden (over 50% of income) is common. Overcrowding is a significant problem for large households in particular.
In a recent non-metropolitan housing stock report, they reported a decline in the rental vacancy rate between 1980 and 1990. This increase in demand for rental units did not cause rents to rise much. In fact, the number or "inexpensive" rental units in non- metropolitan areas increased from 45% of rental in 1980 to 65% in 1990. During the same period, the value of owner-occupied housing units declined substantially after adjustment for inflation. One concern associated with these housing value trends is that low values and rents will lead to deterioration of the housing stock.
The state-funded inventory of homeless facilities and services shows that there are currently:
Comparing the number or units or capacity in facilities available statewide to the estimates of homeless persons and those threatened with homelessness indicates a wide disparity between supportive housing need and currently available resources. The need for this type of housing is particularly evident in the non-metropolitan areas of the state. Because of the large gap in supportive services, and the potential needs of those households that could become homeless, a relative numerical priority of 1 has been assigned to the homeless persons category for both individuals and families.
While the State does not own or operate public housing, information was made available t the State on public housing waiting lists. Although this information should not be viewed as complete because not all PHA's responded to the request for information, it is the only current data available on a statewide basis. An estimated 14,971 individuals are currently on PHA waiting lists for conventional family and elderly public housing. In addition the Section 8 waiting list maintained by PHA's contained 32,632 persons for the various Section 8 programs administered by housing authorities. In addition to these waiting lists 2,653 individuals are on waiting lists for Farmers Home Administration (FmHA) Section 515 housing.
While relevant public policies (both at the State and local levels), can positively affect the development of affordable housing, they can also have negative effects. While there currently is no statewide housing or building code in Illinois statutes, the following are some State public policies that could be construed as having negative effects on the development of affordable housing largely due to their impact on housing costs (causing costs to increase): The effect on housing costs of these policies however, should be viewed within the context of public health, safety, and welfare issues which they address.
The inclusion by reference herein of these various State laws/regulations of local ordinances is not meant to imply that any of them are excessive, exclusionary, discriminatory, or duplicative.
In the State of Illinois, it is estimated, having a margin of error of at
least plus or minus 10%, that 2,814,500 households, (67% of all households) live
in units with lead-based paint. 1,196,000 very low or other low income
households (71%) are estimated to live in units with lead-based paint. The
estimated percentages of households with lead-based paint do not very much
between the metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas of Illinois. An estimated
613,000 very low and other low income households live in rental units with lead-
based paint. Low income renter households in old units are at particular risk
because the incentive and ability to prevent or address paint deterioration in
these units are low: there are 278,443 very low and other low income households
living in pre-1940 units in Illinois.
There are many activities which are eligible for CDBG funds but cannot be funded because of lack of available funds each year; application requests far exceed the amount available. Many industries wishing to develop or expand in rural Illinois confront two types of "gaps" in realizing their project. First, there is often a "gap" in the physical infrastructure, particularly water and sewer, necessary to accommodate a new or expanding business. Second, businesses often are unable to access sufficient capital at an affordable, fixed rate to insure the projects' economic viability.
The need for financial assistance to upgrade inadequate, aging infrastructure is overwhelming. Over the past two years the state has received almost $90 million in requests for public facilities. A total of $46 million in CDAP funds were awarded. This left a shortfall of $44 million.
The State's 36 community action agencies (CAAs) administer any of a number of anti- poverty social services programs at the local and regional level, primarily to very low income households and individuals. These range from employment training, Headstart, emergency food and shelter, weatherization, transportation services, day care, health care, senior citizens programs, small business, utility assistance, and housing.
The State's activities to enhance coordination between public and assisted
housing providers and private and government health, mental health, and services
agencies is becoming an increasing role of Illinois Housing Development
Authority (IHDA). The IHDA's Office of Housing Coordination Services (OHCS) is
responsible for issuing Certifications of Consistency with the State
The State's allocation for the 1995 CDBG/CDAP is $40,861,000. Funding is proposed to be distributed as follows.
|General Economic Development||$ 8,000,000|
|Competitive Public Facilities/Construction & Design Engineering||21,860,570|
|Planning Assistance Grant Program||500,000|
|Removal of Architectural Barriers||1,000,000|
|Competitive Housing Rehabilitation||7,000,000|
|Emergency Set-Aside for Public Facilities||1,000,000|
|State Reserve for Technical Assistance||406,810|
The HOME Program operates throughout the State, with priority given to areas which don't receive HOME funds directly from HUD. It is anticipated $18,557,000 million be available to assist low-and very low-income homeowners, homebuyers, renters, and homeless. The activities include Acquisition, rehabilitation, new construction, and homebuyer assistance.
$ 2,537,000 million grant funds are made available to for funding emergency shelters for the homeless. The activities include Rehabilitation, supportive services (including tenant assistance for homeless prevention services), and operating costs.
Bill Pluta, Manager
Illinois Housing Development Authority
Office of Housing Coordination Services
401 N. Michigan Ave., Suite 900
Chicago, IL 60611
Tel. (312) 836-5383
Fax. (312) 527-2509